Although there are no explicit requirements for nanomaterials under REACH or CLP, they meet the regulations’ substance definition and therefore the provisions apply. In 2011, the European Commission released a specific recommendation on the definition of a nanomaterial. The recommendation should be used in different European regulations, including REACH and CLP.
REACH stands for Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals. The legislation was brought into force on 1st June 2007. “REACH is a regulation of the European Union, adopted to improve the protection of human health and the environment from the risks that can be posed by chemicals, while enhancing the competitiveness of the EU chemicals industry. It also promotes alternative methods for the hazard assessment of substances in order to reduce the number of tests on animals.” The European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) was set up to implement, regulate and enforce the REACH legislation.
CLP stands for Classification, Labelling and Packing of chemicals. The legislation ensures that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated to workers and consumers in the European Union.
To find out more about nanomaterials and nanotechnology, the following websites are very informative with regards to potential applications, health & safety, policies and regulations: